Author Name: Jaya Agarwal
College: Vivekananda Institute of Professional Studies, GGSIPU
Abhimanyu, a 16-year-old student in 11th grade killed himself in the midst of his exams and left a suicide note in his chemistry exam sheet, stating"The CBSE system is based on mugging.Education should be about understanding and applying the knowledge. My death should be a lesson and a reason for the system to change.”
While 5,857 pupils felo de se adumbrated in 2006, it soars to 7,379 in 2010.According to stats purveyed by the National Crime Records Bureau.20 students self-annihilated each day in 2010.The deteriorating cerebral health has manufactured a monstrous image of exams.Achieving good marks makes the monster happy. If they fail even by a single mark they punish themselves as the monster hounds them. The situation is of guinea pig of an experiment lab, where it doesn't live by or for itself, can't be taking a moment when unwell but continuously has to run. The Monster embezzles the childhood faster than their speed. What has to be traced is that where the lapses in the education system dug their roots so unplumbed that student suicides, accreditation failures, substandard curriculum became the reality of India: The land of Gurukul. It is true that India struggles with the poor socio-economic condition leading to hamster circle of livelihood with fewer jobs which are further slumped by the politicisation of education. But the youth of the country ought to come together to harbinger the change by bringing the education system at par with the global standards. If this happens India will be back on road of all round progress.
IN THE BEGINNING
India had the Gurukula system, anyone who wished to study went to a teacher's (Guru) house and requested to be taught.If accepted as a student by the guru, he would then stay at the guru's place and helped in all activities.It created a strong tie between the teacher and the student.The guru taught everything, he stayed as long as he wished or until the guru felt that he had taught everything he could. All learning was closely linked to nature and to life, not confined to memorizing.The Gurus with colossal information knew how to instruct the most burdensome of the things.This Parampara took as much time as needed resultantly, the students turned out in a meticulous form. They acquired a particular style and inculcated high levels of efficiency. much of the teaching was practical.The environment given to the student ensured he would turn into an artisan or an accomplished person in his field of interest.The acharya was responsible for molding the character and personality of the pupils.The student’s prayer included his longing for the realization of a full life.Thus the main aim of the Vedic educational system was to produce a rational individual, free from passions, full of universal affection, continuously self-educating and striving to reach the highest goal.The children were taught to live with meager material things and no fancy or pretentious object.The modern school system brought to India, including the English language, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay was confined to“modern” subjects such as science and mathematics and subjects like metaphysics, philosophy was considered unnecessary.The link with nature was broken, as also the close relationship between the teacher and the student.
WHAT IS THE SITUATION NOW?
The ‘EFA Global Monitoring Report 2010’(UNESCO), ranks India 105 among 128 countries, it continues to figure alongside a cluster of in the group of countries with a low educational development index (EDI). Almost half of the country’s population is below 25 years.Almost 10 percent of them or 12 crores are between the ages of 18 and 23.If they are equipped with both knowledge and skills, they could drive India’s entrepreneurial and competitive spirit and make it into global power.Over a decade ago Peter Drucker declared:“The Knowledge Society will become far more competitive than any society we have yet known, there will be no poor countries, there will only be ignorant countries, thus the competitive position of every country, industry, institution, and individual will depend on the ability to harness and capitalize on knowledge.” Ironically a study by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council showed that 90 percent of the colleges and 70 percent of the universities that the council graded were of middling or poor quality, the government currently spends only 3% of its GDP on education which is inadequate and insufficient.
Curriculum issues: On an average, most Indian universities revise their curriculum only once in five to 10 years but even then they get defeated in both letter and spirit.Preschool for Child Rights states that almost 99% of pre-schools do not have any curriculum at all.
Accreditation: In 2010, the Directorate of India rescinded Demmed varsity position from as many as 44 seminaries, as pedagogical facets were not paid heed to by the authority of these seminaries and that "they were being operated as menage domains".The University Grant Commission found 39 fake institutions operating in India.
Teacher's Careers: In the Indian education system, a teacher’s success is loosely defined. It is either based on a student’s success or based on the years of teaching experience which do not necessarily correlate to a teacher’s skill set, ultimately promoting teachers based on the grade level they teach or their seniority.Since teachers do not see any incentive to grow, they often do not put efforts to improve their craft.
Corruption in education: Capitation fee in Indian education system has been eroding the quality of education commercializing the essential tool of development .
Grade inflation: In CBSE, a 95 percent aggregate is 21 times as prevalent today as it was in 2004.In the ISC Board, a 95 percent is almost twice as prevalent today as it was in 2012.CBSE in a meeting of all 40 school boards early in 2017 urged to discontinue“artificial spiking of marks”.But although the 2017 result was a correction, practice not discarded completely.6.5 percent of mathematics examinees in 2017 scored 95 or more,10 times higher than in 2004, 6 percent of physics examinees scored 95 or more,35 times more than in 2004.
IS THE EDUCATION SYSTEM SOLELY TO BE BLAMED?
Theory learning, unlike rot learning, is a necessary basis for embarking on any practical application of education. The conception of ideas and putting them into practice has to be well founded on some basics that are reiterated again and again when an ambiguity arises. Taking this precedent globally, the reason why American Education learning centers are chockfull of Indians, Chinese and Japanese are because they are too focused on the practical education and lost sight of theory altogether.Hence the ideal solution would, of course, be to have a combination, learning theory, and understanding application. However, when competing in a congested rat race of education for a few jobs, students hardly have the leisure to think their subject through and approach it roundly.Most end up taking the shortest route of bunging in learning by the shovelful to get ahead in the race and clinch a college, a course, a job.This problem is uniquely Indian, as the Indian education system is not at fault but the socio-economic system is. Competition can’t be done away with as long as there are fewer resources than there are people. Also, certain professions are preferred over others and the rat race to enter these courses ultimately culminates in a struggle to hog learning rather than enjoying the course.Engineers are preferred over applicants from other courses and stars of yesteryear end up driving buses.That means even if our curriculum is given a practical approach and teachers motivate the students to follow their passion, the result will not be as expected due to feasibility.
SAFFRONISATION OF EDUCATION
The National Steering Committee on Schoolbook Assessment authorized by the NCERT itself, concluded that‘the main purpose which these books would perform is to gingerly transmute the juvenile kids into illiberal imbeciless in the finery of infusing them with jingoism’.Dinanath Batra, proposed an opus, The Hindus and to remove Penguin's American savant Wendy Doniger's work..In the proposed one minorities were depicted as prime problems of the country.Muslims, Christians, and Parsis broached non-natives, where wrangle for amnesty was limned as siege against the Muslims.All okayed in the epithet of ingraining jingoism and indigenous hauteur. In the just-released school book of Class 10 RBSE, Hindutva crusader Veer Savarkar described as a great revolutionary and patriot.Savarkar was charged with the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi but absolved because no verifiable proof of his involvement was furnished. It succored to build the fallacy of Savarkar 'the brave’, as book lauds‘lifelong sacrifices call it ‘beyond words’.While the book finds mention of non-cooperation, civil disobedience, and the Quit India movements, it finds little space for Mahatma Gandhi, the man behind them all. Similarly, in political science textbook for Class 11, Congress has been described as a ‘nurtured baby of the Brit empire. It mentions: "the party was established by the plutocrats and representatives of the higher-level middle echelon."
Whilst adventitious wordsmiths were sacked at the behest of incorporating Gita in the syllabus of Commerce division, History branch too encompassed an opus in its reference list "Maharana Pratap Aur Haldhi Ghaati Ka Yudh" which avows that Maharana Pratap vanquished Akbar.The iconic‘Tryst with Destiny’speech of Jawaharlal Nehru was removed from the revised social science textbook for Class 8 while Vasudev Devnani held office. To twist the knife, a chapter on Indira Gandhi’s Emergency period during 1975-77 was incorporated into the school syllabus vilify Congress to vilify Congress.
Iconography another assay at saffronisation.New textbooks profess that lotus is an allegory of conquest.The saffron touch becomes literal with the orange color of cycles distributed to school students and the newly introduced coffee color of school uniform. The libraries have been asked to buy complete volumes of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyay's biography and works. Call it saffronisation,communication or politicisation of education, the basic fact remains that young minds are increasingly becoming laboratories for fundamentalists and extremists propagating their views and ideologies,the innocent minds get fashioned in the beliefs which are inculcated in them and the result is creation of a generation which is fed half-baked truths, misrepresented facts and distorted history.
EDUCATION AS AN OPPORTUNITY IN INDIA
Presently secondary pedagogy comprises 59.7 percent of the arena, as stated in a study collated by the India Brand Equity Foundation.The de-globalization surge influencing Europe with Brexit, unveils we have to be self-sustaining and competent in regaling to our own fiscal exigencies. We should amend the purpose of the pedagogy, our brit pedagogy framework is still bent apropos producing babus and pen-pushers under the anew amassed pelt of novelty. We may have the maximum of engineering passouts around the globe, but that definitely has not glossed into much high-tech upheaval here.The aim of our contemporary pedagogy framework ought to be to produce entrepreneurs, trailblazers, thespians, boffins, pundits, and wordsmiths who can form the kernel of savoir-faire hinged economy instead of the sub-standard service provider nation that we are pirouetting into. Gopal Karunakaran CEO of Shiv Nadar School, exclaimed at India Today School Summit, radically we are whittled by factors nature and foster. Phrontistery is oft-times bracketed with fostering where tutees betwixt three to eighteen years devote three-fourth time. Hence gaping fount of nature too, in that they can aid to ken their the pupil's innate knack and then accoutre field days to whet that.
Clearly, no better way than in investing for the future in Indian millennials using the present employable workforce by exploiting their intellect, ideas& technical know-how to help the progeny become a formidable workforce, therefore, globalizing "The Indian Education System". Take the case of Mahesh from a higher mesial echelon menage.Mahesh finished his engineering.His pater now intends to proffer him an Ivy League tutelage and can bear to defray emolument.But he discovers himself in a muddle as the all-inclusive charges are extortionate when it eventuates for his son to go overseas, catering to his expenditures and incidental charges.Additionally having to bide from their son throughout his tutelage is a furthermore appalling aspect.Millennials strongly believe that the Indian education system should transcend boundaries.
A global educational platform catering to the mass and class needs can be constructed by employing our biggest asset, talented and educated youth within the country itself. Firstly inculcating what's new and innovative abroad. Like by using virtual reality technology.To bridge the urban and rural divide and to offer the urban educational facilities to the rural students' many efforts have been taken by the Annamalai University. One such effort is to build an Internet-based learning resource center at the University as part of the community-university extension activities. The high school girl students in the rural regions surrounding the University will be the targeted beneficiaries through this pilot programme. Secondly, the project aims to uphold the ideals of the President of India in bringing the urban learning facilities to the rural students and to be a partner in the “Mission 2007” agenda of the nation. By giving them a global platform we are solving another major problem of our country "unemployment leading to brain-drain" and most importantly not propagating any ideology.It is empowering in every aspect.
TRUE ROLE OF EDUCATION: AN INTROSPECTION
The foremost purpose of pedagogy is to let us apprehend conceptions we did not comprehend betimes, so as to refine the standard of living, this essential is not valued passably by our pedagogic won't framers for decennium. The fact that the government has failed to provide free education to children is also one of the contributing factors to why saffronized institutions and organizations are filled with students all year round. The poor, homeless illiterate parents have no option but to send their children to these schools backing a particular ideology.Knowledge flared with propagating an ideology or just a means to secure tangible reward of marks with solely monetary incentive driven teachers and system shall not assist the tiny buds to identify the higher sense of purpose as a constructive resource in nation-building.The consequence was that our academic seminaries and varsities, rather than being donjons of erudition and awakening, turned into the lair of tumult and vexation thwarting nation's headway. Until any kind of erudition appertains, it cannot be tweaked or oppositely directed.Any of what is taught should be objective not inclined towards a line of thought. Every mentee has a certain gamut of adroitness.A perpetual jolt on the taut pedagogical framework would not be prudent.Through continued efforts of government who shall be helped by young minds who are swaying away to foreign lands crossing high seas, the bait can be transferred back to our country.
 Ramola Talwar Badam, Mother Of a Teenager Who Hanged Himself Urges Others to pay heed to Children's well-being, (Oct. 19, 2017, 1:00 PM), https://www.thenational.ae/uae/mother-of-teenager-who-hanged-himself-urges-others-to-pay-heed-to-children-s-well-being-1.202076.
Anahita Mukherji, Student suicide soar 26% in five years, education system blamed, TheTimes Of India: India News, (Oct.21, 2017,11:00 PM), https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Student-suicides-soar-26-in-5-years-education-system-blamed/articleshow/10573202.cms.
Ask Opinion, Was Gurukul education system more fruitful than modern education system?, (Oct. 20, 2017, 7:00 PM), https://askopinion.com/was-gurukul-education-system-more-fruitful-than-modern-education-systems.
Yuva Shakti Banaras, Vedic Education: Gurukula System Of Education, Yuvashakti Banaras, (Oct. 21, 2017, 8:00 PM), http://yuvashaktibanaras.in/2015/02/07/vedic-education-gurukula-system-of-education/.
Dr. V. Sasi Kumar, The Education System in India, Education: In Depth: The Education System Of India, (Oct. 23, 2017, 8:30 PM), https://www.gnu.org/education/edu-system-india.en.html.
 Swaraj Mane, Indian Education System, Indian Education System Challenges, (Oct. 20, 2017, 6:00 PM) https://www.slideshare.net/Swaraj93Mane/indian-education-system-challenges-by-swaraj-mane.
 Raj Chengapa, Higher Education: How to clean the mess,From The Magazine, (Oct. 20,2017, 6:30 PM), http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/Higher+Education:+How+to+clean+the+mess/1/49794.
 Keshav Parthasarthy Education System of India: Its Functions, Drawbacks and Its Contribution, The Viewspaper, (Oct. 21, 2017, 5:00 PM), http://theviewspaper.net/education-system-of-india-its-functions-drawbacks-and-its-contribution/.
 Jaiprakash SinghHasrajani, Making India a Global Education Hub, Edu Summit 2012, (Oct. 22, 2017, 7:00 PM), http://www.cii.in/uploads/03_Mr%20Jaiprakash97.pdf.
 Abhidha Seth, Rewati Raman, "Reality Check for Parents: Preschools in India – Reviews, Top, Compare, List, Good", Preschool for Child Rights,(Oct.23, 2017, 9:00 PM), https://web.archive.org/web/20131213132551/http://www.preschoolforchildrights.com/home/preschool-kindergarten-articles-curriculum-development/reality-check-for-parents-preschools-in-india-reviews-top-compare-list-good/.
 Santosh K. Joy, 44 institutions to lose deemed university status, Live Mint, (Oct. 20, 2017, 8:30 PM), http://www.livemint.com/Politics/0Fr6t5XBQLPscyRlqXyFqL/44-institutions-to-lose-deemed-university-status.html.
 Press Trust Of India, "22 universities across India fake: UGC". ExpressIndia. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012, (Oct. 18, 2017, 9:00 PM) https://web.archive.org/web/20121012003034/http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/22-universities-across-India-fake-UGC/425697/.
 Ramya Venkataraman, Market-Driven Certification Is Required Both For Recognising Excellence & Catalysing Professional Development In Teaching, Recognising Excellence In The Teaching Profession (Oct. 24, 2017, 9:30 PM), http://www.thehindu.com/in-school/signpost/recognising-excellence-in-the-teaching-profession/article7680538.ece.
 FICCI, A Study On Widening Tax Base And Tackling Black Money, (Oct. 25, 2017, 10:00 PM), http://ficci.in/spdocument/20548/STUDY-ON-WIDENING-OF-TAX-BASE-AND-TACKLING-BLACK-MONEY.pdf.
 Ritika Chopra When 90% comes too easy in CBSE exams, The Indian Express,(Oct. 26,2017, 5:00 PM), http://indianexpress.com/article/education/when-90-per-cent-comes-too-easy-cbse-board-exam-results-4689291/;Devi Kar, Board Examinations Have Lost Their Credibility in India, Inflated Marks:100% &still galloping, (Oct. 26, 2017, 6:00 PM), http://www.deccanchronicle.com/opinion/op-ed/110717/inflated-marks-100-and-still-galloping.html.
Pragya Mukherjee, Change The education System & Fast, The 3 Idiots Debate: Is the Education System In Need of Change, (Oct. 22, 2017, 4:00 PM), http://dubeat.com/2010/07/the-3-idiots-debate-is-the-indian-education-system-in-need-of-change/.
Bunsha Dionne, "Borders". Scarred: Experiments with Violence in Gujarat, Penguin, 2006.
 Hindu Activism And Academic Censorship In India, McComas Taylor, South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, (Oct. 29, 2017, 3:57 PM), file:///C:/Users/User/Desktop/hindu_activism.pdf.
Delhi Historians Group, The History Textbooks Controversy, Communalisation of Education, (Oct. 29, 2017, 2:30 PM), http://www.friendsofsouthasia.org/textbook/NCERT_Delhi_Historians__Group.pdf.
Ajaz Ashraf, History revisited: Was Veer Savarkar really all that brave?, (Oct. 24, 2017, 8:33 PM), https://scroll.in/article/808709/the-hollow-myth-of-veer-savarkar.
Tabeenah Anjum, India: Saffronisation of education in BJP-ruled Rajasthan, Panorama Deccan Herald, (Oct. 22, 2017, 5:50 PM) http://www.sacw.net/index.php?page=imprimir_articulo&id_article=13313.
Shoeb Khani,Nehru's 'Tryst With Destiny' speech axed from social science textbook, The Times Of India CITY, (Oct. 20, 2017, 7:09 PM), https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/jaipur/Nehrus-Tryst-with-Destiny-speech-axed-from-social-science-textbook/articleshow/52230959.cms.
Aabshar H Qazi, In orange cycles for Rajasthan school girls Congress sees saffronisation bid, Hindustan Times, Kota, (Oct. 23, 2017, 11:00 PM), http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/in-orange-cycles-for-rajasthan-school-girls-congress-sees-saffronisation-bid/story-a4syHvtCJF1zZvmeFrUD6J.html.
Alok Deshpande, State to buy books on Deen Dayal Upadhyay for govt. libraries, (Oct. 31, 2017, 12:00 AM), http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/mumbai/state-to-buy-books-on-deen-dayal-upadhyaya-for-govt-libraries/article19604567.ece.
 Suresh Rangarajan, Indian Education System: What is lacking?, Your Story Opinion, (Oct. 14, 2017, 11:30 PM), https://yourstory.com/2016/10/indian-education-system/.
 Elets, A Virtual Learning Centre For Tsunami Affected Students, Digital Learning, (Oct. 24, 2017, 10:43 PM) http://digitallearning.eletsonline.com/2007/02/usa-government-gives-funds-for-videoconferencing-in-schools/.
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in the article or any other publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of Sadvidya or its members.